The Reproductive System
The major function of the human reproductive system is to produce offspring, ensure survival of the species and passing on hereditary traits from one generation to the next. The human reproductive system has four main functions: To produce egg cells (female) and sperm cells (male); to transport and sustain these cells; to nurture the developing offspring and to produce hormones.
The male reproductive system consists of a pair of testes and a network of excretory ducts, seminal vesicles, the prostate and the penis. The organs of the female reproductive system produce and sustain the female ovum, transport these cells to a site where the sperm fertilizes and provides a suitable environment for the developing fetus and produces the female sex hormones. The female reproductive system also includes the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, accessory glands, and external genital organs.
Disorder of the Reproductive System
There are wide number of reproductive system disorders. A few examples are as follows:
Endometriosis is a disorder of the female reproductive system. In endometriosis, the endometrium, which normally lines the uterus, grows in other places such as fallopian tubes, ovaries or the tissue lining the pelvis. This tissue thickens, breaks down and bleeds each month. Because there is nowhere for the blood from this displaced tissue to exit body, it becomes trapped and irritate the surrounding tissues.
Ovarian cysts are non cancerous sacs filled with fluid or semi-solid material in the ovary. Although they are common and generally harmless, they can become a problem if they grow very large. Large cysts tend to push on surrounding organs and may lead to abdominal pain. In most cases, cysts will disappear on their own and treatment is unnecessary.
Impotence is a disorder of male reproductive system. When a man cannot get an erection to have sex or unable to keep an erection long enough to complete sexual intercourse, it is called erectile dysfunction or impotence. Some physical causes of erectile dysfunction include too much alcohol intake and tobacco abuse, brain or spinal-cord injuries, liver or kidney failure, Parkinson's disease and stroke.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
BPH is caused by enlargement of prostate gland, which normally happen on elderly men. This may result in obstruction of the neck of the bladder and impairing urination. As the urethra is squeezed more tightly by the enlarged prostate, the bladder may not be able to completely empty. The bladder dilates and the increased pressure is transmitted through the urethra to the kidney. This lead to damage and impaired function of the kidney.
Sexually Transmitted Disease
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that can be transferred from one person to another through sexual contact. The causes of STDs are bacteria, parasites and viruses. There are more than 20 types of STDs, such as Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Herpes Simplex and Syphilis. Most STDs affect both men and women, but in many cases the health problems they cause can be more severe for women. If a pregnant woman has an STD, it can cause serious health problems for the baby.
Wellness Tips For Respiratory System
Manage your stress wisely
Reproductive system especially female reproductive system is highly sensitive to hormonal change. Long term stress lead to hormonal imbalance and thus affect reproductive health system.
Correct usage of latex condoms helps in reducing the risk of acquiring or spreading STDs.
Quit your smoking habit as there are many studies show that cigarette smoking is associated with erectile dysfunction.
Control alcohol intake
Drink alcohol moderately whereas excessive consumption of alcohol is also one the possible causes of erectile dysfunction.
Adopt a healthy diet
Take plenty of fresh vegetables and fruits daily. Control the intake of meat and poultry as the residue of antibiotic or synthetic hormone injected to accelerate the growth will affect hormonal balance in our body.
Regular consumption of health supplements below helps in promoting a healthy male reproductive system:
Regular consumption of health supplements below helps in promoting a healthy female reproductive system: